While the importance of testing every single application before it is released cannot be denied, the fact is that in today’s fast-paced world it is often impractical to do so manually. Test automation comes to the rescue here by allowing multiple tests to be executed in a shorter time. This is a boon in cases where such as cross-browser and cross-device compatibility wherein the same code needs to be executed repeatedly. By increasing coverage, test automation comes in handy in the case of codes that are a part of a partial or full regression suite.
Selenium is one of the most popular portable frameworks used for testing web applications. The biggest advantage of opting for it is it lets you test codes written in multiple languages such as C#, Groovy, Java, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby and Scala.
QTP brings down the complexities of functional testing thereby saving you both cost as well as time. Micro Focus UFT provides comprehensive automated testing of web, mobile, API, hybrid, RPA and enterprise apps.
One of the few testing frameworks to support Behavior Driven Development (BDD), Cucumber lets the user decide the application behavior in Gherkin. Gerkhin is plain, meaningful English with a few additional grammar dictates.
An object repository design pattern in Selenium WebDrive, POM facilitates the easy maintenance of testing codes. Page Factory is an optimized way to create an object repository in the POM concept.
Similar to TDD, BDD also gives the tester the luxury of writing the tests first and then adding the application code as and when required. Here, the tests are more user-centric and are explained as the behavior of the application in question. Plain descriptive type English grammar is used along with multiple examples to clarify the requirements.
Making the best of both worlds, hybrid frameworks are a combination of data-driven and keyword-driven Selenium frameworks.